Gas turbine design has been characterized over the years by a continuous increase of the maximum cycle temperature, justified by a corresponding increase of cycle efficiency and power output. In such way turbine components heat load management has become a compulsory activity and then, a reliable procedure to evaluate the blades and vanes metal temperatures, is, nowadays, a crucial aspect for a safe components design.
In the framework of the design and validation process of HPT (High Pressure Turbine) cooled components of the BHGE NovaLT™ 16 gas turbine, a decoupled methodology for conjugate heat transfer prediction has been applied and validated against measurement data. The procedure consists of a conjugate heat transfer analysis in which the internal cooling system (for both airfoils and platforms) is modeled by an in-house one-dimensional thermo-fluid network solver, the external heat loads and pressure distribution are evaluated through 3D CFD analysis and the heat conduction in the solid is carried out through a 3D FEM solution. Film cooling effect has been treated by means of a dedicated CFD analysis, implementing a source term approach.
Predicted metal temperatures are finally compared with measurements from an extensive test campaign of the engine, in order to validate the presented procedure.