For high-hydrogen-content fuel, the Micromix Combustion Technology has been developed as a potential low NOx emission solution for gas turbine combustors, especially for advanced gas turbines with high turbine inlet temperature. Compared with conventional lean premixed flames, multiple distributed slim and micro flames could lead to a lower NOx emission performance for shortening residence time of high temperature flue gas and generally a more uniform temperature distribution.
This work aims at micromix flame characteristics of a model burner fueled with hydrogen blending with methane under atmosphere pressure conditions. The model burner assembly was designed to have six concentrically millimeter-sized premixed units around a same unit centrally. Numerical and experimental studies were conducted on mixing performance, flame stability, flame structure and CO/NOx emissions of the model burner. OH radical distribution by OH-PLIF and OH chemiluminescence (OH*) imaging were employed to analyze the turbulence-reaction interactions and characters of the reaction zone at the burner exit. Micromix flames fueled with five different hydrogen content H2-CH4 (60/40, 50/50, 40/60, 30/70, 0/100 Vol.%) were investigated, along with the effects of equivalence ratio and heat load. Results indicated that low NOx emissions of less than 10 ppm (@15% O2) below the exhaust temperature of 1920 K were obtained for all the different fuels. Combustion oscillation didn’t occur for all the conditions. It was found that at a constant flame temperature, the higher the hydrogen content of the fuel, the higher the turbulent flame speed and the weaker the flame lift effect. Combustion noise and NOx emissions also increase with increasing hydrogen content. The OH/OH* signal distribution indicated that a pure methane micromix flame showed a lifted and weaken distributed feature.