Micro gas turbine is one of the ideal prime movers for small-distributed energy systems. It can effectively reduce the emission of greenhouse gases and nitrogen oxides. Moreover, the use of micro gas turbines will contribute to burning fossil fuels in a much cleaner way. The staged combustion technology is the favorite way for low pollution combustion chamber such like. Therefore, the influence of the proportion of pilot fuel in the combustion chamber on pollutant emission deserves further study.
The object of this research is the Double annular swirler (Das), which was applied to a 100 kW micro gas turbine combustion chamber. The combustion performance and emission characteristics under different Pilot Fuel Ratios (PFR) were obtained in prototype experimental system.
Under the experimental conditions, Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method was applied to research the reacting flow field and the formation of NOx in the combustion chamber and then analyze the influences of PFRs on combustion process. Experimental results show that the NOx emission of Das decreased at first and then increased with the augment of PFR. When PFR was near to 11%, the per unit NOx emission concentration reached its minimum. The numerical simulation agreed well with the experimental data. Further analysis of the simulation results indicate that there is a strong correlation between Φlocal and NOx concentration. When it is lower than a certain value, the number of nitrogen oxides will be significantly reduced. The value has a lot to do with the inlet air temperature and the pressure of the combustion chamber under the design condition, and it needs to be confirmed by calculating the adiabatic temperature. Simultaneously, we also find that although the percentage of total air flowing into the combustor remains unchanged, the increase of PFR would reduce the airflow ratio in inner swirler. This implies that for some particular combustion chambers, special attention should be paid to the changes in air allocation caused by PFR.