The Moderate or Intense Low-oxygen Dilution (MILD) combustion is characterized by low emission, stable combustion and low noise for various kinds of fuel. MILD combustion is a promising combustion technology for gas turbine. The model combustor composed of an optical quartz combustor liner, four jet nozzles and one pilot nozzle has been designed in this study. The four jet nozzles are equidistantly arranged in the combustor concentric circle and the high-speed jet flows from the nozzles will entrain amount of exhaust gas to make MILD combustion occur. The combustion characteristics of the model combustor under atmosphere pressure have been investigated through experiments and numerical simulations. The influence of equivalence ratio and jet velocity on flow pattern, combustion characteristics and exhaust emissions were investigated in detail, respectively.
Laser Doppler velocity (LDV) was utilized to measure the speed of a series of points in the model combustor. The measurement results show that a central recirculation existed in the combustion chamber. As the jet velocity of the nozzles increases, the amount of entrained mass by the jet increases simultaneously, however, the central recirculation zone is similar in shape and size. The recirculation of the model combustor will remain self-similar when the jet velocity varies in the range. The calculation model and method were verified through comparing with experimentally LDV data and be used to optimize the model combustor. Planar laser-induced fluorescence of hydroxyl radical (OH-PLIF) approaches were adopted to investigate the flame structure, the reaction zone and the OH distribution. OH distribution of the paralleled and crossed sections in the model combustor were measured, the whole reaction zone have been analyzed. The results show that the OH distribution was uniform in whole combustor. The exhaust gas composition of the combustor was measured by the “TESTO 350” Exhaust Gas Analyzer. All measurements emission results were corrected to 15% O2 in volume. Experimental results showed that NOx and CO emissions were less than 10 ppm@15%O2 when the equivalence ratio ranges from 0.63 to 0.8.