In this paper, wall-resolved LES computations for a compressor cascade from Ecole Centrale de Lyon [1] are presented. A computational grid containing about 600 million computational cells was used in these simulations. This grid resolves the details of tripping strips used in the experiments, located near the leading edge of the blade on both suction and pressure sides. Endwall turbulent boundary layer at cascade inlet was measured to be at a momentum thickness based Reynolds number of about 7000 to 8000, with quite a bit of variation in the pitchwise direction. In order to avoid the cost of simulating the entire duct upstream of the cascade, and any auxiliary flat plate boundary layer simulations, the inlet fluctuations for LES computations were generated using digital filtering method for synthetic turbulence generation [27]. Turbulence statistics from a database of high fidelity eddy simulations of flat plate boundary layers (at similar Reynolds numbers) from KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm [28] were used to fully define the properties of the cascade inlet boundary layer.

In this paper, time-averaged results from three LES computations for this configuration are presented — one with no inlet fluctuations at the cascade endwall at the domain inlet, and then two computations with inlet fluctuations and boundary layers at Reθ of 7000 and 8183. These provide a sensitivity of LES predictions of corner separation in the cascade to the boundary layer thickness at cascade inlet.

A comparison of these simulations with prior DDES (and RANS) simulations from UTRC [26], as well as existing LES results from Ecole Centrale de Lyon [12], allows to further the understanding of critical elements of the endwall flow physics. More specifically, it provides more insight into which phenomena need to be sufficiently resolved (e.g. horseshoe vortex) in order to capture both the average behavior of the corner separation, as well as its unsteady dynamics. In addition, it provides new information which will help define best practice guidelines for the use of eddy simulations to resolve endwall features in compressors at off-design conditions.

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