Sweeping Jet Actuator (SJA) was introduced as a potential active flow control method for reducing three-dimension (3D) flow separations in a compressor cascade. Unlike some other actuators, SJA needs no valves or moving parts to convert its steady compressed air source into sweeping jets that oscillates from side to side through the millimeter-sized outlet nozzle. The rather simple and small structure makes it possible to place SJA into the blades. In this study, a 3D numerical simulation using unsteady RANS codes was conducted to investigate the effects of SJA on the flow pattern and the aerodynamic loss mechanism in a compressor cascade. Firstly, the reliability of a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) code was validated and the computed results showed good agreements with experimental data from the literature. Secondly, some possible affecting factors, such as actuating pressure, position of SJA exit and jet skew angle, were analyzed and discussed in detail. Moreover, the effectiveness of active flow control under different locations and stream directions of SJA was studied for obtaining a further understanding of the mechanism of SJA for controlling flow separations. In addition, the generation and interaction of internal secondary flows in the compressor cascade were also investigated, and the oscillating jet process of SJA was presented. The numerical results indicate that using SJA delays effectively the corner flow separation, thus decreases the aerodynamic loss of the compressor cascade. For the optimum scheme within the present research, the reduction of overall time-averaged total pressure loss coefficient achieves about 5.6% compared with the original case without SJA. The streamwise position of SJA has a more remarkable influence in improving performance than the other SJA schemes. The considerable improvements of flow separation in the corner region is considered to be one of the main reasons in overall performance increase.

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