With the increasing continually of blade load, a serious three-dimensional (3D) unsteady flow separation is caused in the design of modern advanced aero-engine compressor. The flow separation has a strong influence on the aerodynamic behavior of the flow in the compressor passage such as reducing the pressure rise capability and overall efficiency, and even resulting in stall and surge. Consequently, it is very necessary to apply some effective techniques for suppressing the 3D flow separation in order to improve the aerodynamic performance of aero-engine compressors. The endwall unsteady pulsed holed suction (EUPHS) is first developed. Additionally, the negative bowed blade is a convention passive flow control method. It can make the flow of the midspan move toward the endwall by changing the radial pressure distribution and improve flow behavior of the midspan. Therefore, with the aim of further improving the aerodynamic performance and flow behavior, the EUPHS combined with the negative bowed blade as a new promising compound flow control (CFC) technique is proposed. In this study, only two bleeding holes on the endwalls (one on the upper endwall and another on the lower endwall) are used to achieve suction in a highly loaded compressor cascade. The improvements in aerodynamic performance by endwall steady constant holed suction (ESCHS), EUPHS and CFC are investigated and compared firstly. Some related parameters such as suction-to-inlet time-averaged suction flow ratio and excitation frequency are also discussed and analyzed in detail. The results show that CFC has more potential advantages than ESCHS and EUPHS in reducing the total pressure loss coefficient and is a promising flow control technology to further enhance aerodynamic performance. Based on the optimal suction-to-inlet time-averaged suction flow ratio and excitation frequency, the total pressure loss coefficients for CFC are reduced by 17.7%.

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