With yearly advances in CFD techniques and methodologies, and the increased capacity and capabilities of computer CPU, GPU, and information storage, CFD has become a powerful design tool. However, despite its vast strengths, a CFD analysis is still based on the sound development of the 1D mean-line analysis methodology.
This paper (part 1 of 2) describes an off-design axial compressor mean-line code, tested in a specialized engineering software for the development and analysis of a whole gas turbine engine, and the various tuning factors used to obtain an off-design performance match. It will be shown that, to obtain a proper match of the off-design performance of single-stage transonic axial compressors, both the rotor and stage pressure ratio, and the rotor temperature ratio are required to be converged upon. To do so, the off-design mean-line analysis requires the incorporation of a set of inlet & exit blockage factors and deviation angles that vary with the compressor performance conditions. This approach differs from the literature-based procedural assumptions (or rule-of-thumb) of fixed inlet and exit blockage factors of approximately “0.98”, and the use of a unique deviation angle based on Carter’s rule.
The results obtained in this paper are then used to develop a generalized off-design mean-line loss modelling methodology (part 2 of 2) capable of predicting the off-design performance of four well documented NASA transonic axial compressors.