In the context of an engine design calculation, isentropic or polytropic efficiencies of turbomachinery components are assumed at the outset of the cycle analysis and their values are updated or validated following the aerodynamic design of the components. In the present paper, aerodynamic design calculations of axial-flow compressors and turbines are directly integrated into the corresponding performance component models. This creates a consistent, single-step preliminary design and performance modelling process using a relatively small number of physical and geometric inputs.
The aerodynamic design for establishing a component’s overall efficiency is accomplished through a mean-line, stage-by-stage approach where the stagewise isentropic efficiency is calculated employing either loss or semi-empirical correlations. From this process, the stagewise flow annulus radii are also obtained and are used to axially size the component stages assuming the blade aspect ratio and axial gapping distributions. The component flowpath geometry is then produced by simply “stacking” axially the component stages.
The developed method is validated against publicly available data for a high-pressure compressor and a low-pressure turbine. Finally, the effectiveness of the method is demonstrated by considering the multi-point design of a High Bypass Ratio Geared Turbofan Engine with bypass Variable Area Nozzle.