Rotating air inside the wheel-space creates a radial gradient of pressure which drives the gas ingress through the rim seal. This kind of reason for the gas ingestion is called rotationally induced ingress (RI). The minimum sealing flow rate was proportional to the seal-clearance. The geometric structure, including the position of the seal-clearance, is also important to predict the minimum sealing flow rate for RI ingestion. This paper gets the sealing efficiency and the flow results of different geometric structure through the method of 3D steady compressible CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics). Because the analysis of the influence of geometry is given under the condition of RI ingestion, a 3D model without turbine blades has been chosen.
Some experiments initially revealed that the different seal-clearance positions have different sealing efficiency. However, what position would have best sealing efficiency was not given. If the position of seal-clearance is selected in the rotor disc or the static disc, the effect of the “pump” of the rotor disc is more obvious, which makes the gas ingestion serious. When the position of seal-clearance is near the rotor disc, the gas is fully mixed with the cooling air after the ingestion and then flows to the side of the static disc. Therefore, the sealing efficiency of the structure, whose seal-clearance position is near the rotor disc, will be higher than that, whose seal-clearance position is close to the static disc. When the fluid flows to the static disc, the velocity triangle shows that a barrier will be created between the cavity and mainstream in a particular seal-clearance position, which makes the efficiency higher than other positions.