In the present work, the proportion of carbon monoxide to hydrogen is widely varied to simulate different compositions of synthesis gas and the potential of the fuel mixture to excite combustion oscillations in a laboratory-scale turbulent bluff body combustor is investigated. The effect of parameters such as the bluff body location and equivalence ratio on the self-excited acoustic oscillations of the combustor is studied. The flame oscillations are mapped by means of simultaneous high-speed CH* and OH* chemiluminescence imaging along with dynamic pressure measurement. Mode shifts are observed as the bluff body location or the air flow Reynolds number/overall equivalence ratio are varied for different fuel compositions. It is observed that the fuel mixtures that are hydrogen-rich excite high amplitude pressure oscillations as compared to other fuel composition cases. Higher H2 content in the mixture is also capable of exciting significantly higher natural acoustic modes of the combustor so long as CO is present, but not without the latter. The interchangeability factor Wobbe Index is not entirely sufficient to understand the unsteady flame response to the chemical composition.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.