This paper provides an overview of the ongoing development activities for the Ansaldo Energia gas turbines AE64.3A, AE94.2, AE94.2K, AE94.3A, GT26 (2006), GT26 (2011), GT36-S6 and GT36-S5. The improvements significantly reduce the energy consumption in gas turbine combined cycle (GTCC) power plants and are directed towards improved operational and fuel flexibility, increased GT power output, GT efficiency and improved component lifetime.

The collaborative development, validation and application of the constant pressure sequential combustion system (‘CPSC’) for the GT36 engine will be introduced. Based on the well-established sequential burner technology as installed since 1994 on all legacy GT26 gas turbines, the operation turndown, fuel flexibility and the overall system robustness is described. The development and engine validation of the first stage burner for Improved Durability and Turndown as well as the design of a Combustor Sequential Liner within a can combustion system is shown. The reconstruction and analysis of the acoustic transfer matrix of the flame in the sequential burner together with the applied air and fuel management facilitate emission and dynamics control at both, the extremely high and low firing temperature ranges.

The axial flow turbine of the GT36 heavy duty gas turbine, which has evolved from the existing and proven GT26 design, consists of an optimized annulus flow path, higher lift airfoil profiles, optimized aerodynamic matching between the turbine stages and a new and improved cooling systems of the turbine vanes and blades. A major design feature of the turbine has been to control and reduce the aerodynamic losses, associated with the airfoil profiles, trailing edges, blade tips, end walls and coolant ejection. The advantages of these design changes to the overall gas turbine efficiency have been verified via extensive experimental testing.

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