With the goal of increasing the thermodynamic efficiency of aircraft engines, the temperature in the combustion chamber has risen to the point where the gas temperature is above the melting point of materials used in the chamber and cooling systems are mandatory. Today, most of the existing lean burn combustors rely on multiperforated liners to keep hot gases away from the walls. However, resolving all holes of the combustor in the CFD design phase remains beyond currently available computational resources, so the effusion cooling system is often modeled by homogeneously injecting air on the whole surface of the liner, especially in the context of Large Eddy Simulation (LES) based CFD. This paper investigates a novel approach to simulate the effect of jets emitted from discrete holes on the flow inside a combustion chamber. In this new modeling approach, jet diameters are treated to be resolvable by the grid while conserving the correct mass and momentum flow rate. LES are performed on the combustion simulator of the engine representative FACTOR test rig at two different operating points and compared to measurement data as well as previous simulations obtained using a homogeneous air injection modeling on liners. The new approach shows globally similar results as the well validated homogeneous injection model and is applicable on realistic industrial geometries at a negligible level of additional cost (+0.3%).
Comparison of Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Coolant Injection Models for Large Eddy Simulation of Multiperforated Liners Present in a Combustion Simulator
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Thomas, M, Dauptain, A, Duchaine, F, Gicquel, L, Koupper, C, & Nicoud, F. "Comparison of Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Coolant Injection Models for Large Eddy Simulation of Multiperforated Liners Present in a Combustion Simulator." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2B: Turbomachinery. Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. June 26–30, 2017. V02BT41A038. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2017-64622
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