In the unshrouded axial turbine, the tip clearance gap can cause the losses of turbine efficiency and the penalty of turbine performance. Based on previous investigations, changing the blade tip geometry plays an important role in improving the turbine efficiency and performance. In this paper, the Stereoscopic Particle Imaging Velocimetry (SPIV) measurements were conducted to study the effects of grooved tip geometry on the flow field inside a turbine cascade passage. During the measurements, the double-frame CCD cameras were configured at different sides of the laser light sheet. Additionally, the Diisooctyl Sebacate (DEHS) was treated as the tracer particle. The tip clearance gap of both grooved tip and flat tip was set to 1.18% of the blade chord. The groove height was specified as 2.94% of the blade chord. In this study, the flow field results of eight measured planes were presented. Some typical features of the complicated flow structures, such as tip leakage vortex formation, development, breakdown and the dissipation, the variations of turbulence intensity and Reynolds stress, the blockage characteristic, were discussed as well. The experimental results show that the tip leakage flow/vortex is weakened by the grooved tip. The blockage effect and the flow capacity of the turbine passage are also improved. The tip leakage vortex breaks down at about 70% camber line, but the pattern of leakage vortex has changed into an ellipse at 60% camber line, which is an indication of the vortex breakdown. As for the decomposed and reconstructed flow, the first modal flow is the most similar to the original flow field. And it can capture the dominant flow features in flow field. And the flow of mode 2 and mode 3 generates many eddies with small scale.

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