Considering both a radial turbine rotor of a turbocharger and an axial compressor test blisk at rest, aerodynamic damping characteristics are experimentally and numerically analyzed. Linear dependencies of modal damping ratios on the ambient pressure or the acoustic impedance, respectively, could be shown within experiments carried out inside a pressure chamber. The impact of the ambient air clearly dominates the modal damping ratios compared to the minor contribution of the structure. Assuming that acoustic emission can be regarded as main source of aerodynamic damping a simplified approach for its determination is introduced which only depends on natural frequency, mode shape and acoustic impedance. It is shown that a satisfying match between experiment and computation is achieved for those cases which are dedicated to sufficiently small ratios between wave lengths of acoustic emissions and blade distances.

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