The development of a predictive numerical strategy for the simulation of rotor/stator interactions is a concern for several aircraft engine manufacturers. As a matter of fact, modern designs of aircraft engines feature reduced operating clearances between rotating and static components which yields more frequent structural contacts. Subsequent interaction phenomena (be it rubbing events, modal interaction or whirl motions) are not yet fully understood. For that reason, experimental data obtained from set-ups dedicated to the simulation of such interactions are scrutinized and are key in: (1) increasing the knowledge of the interaction phenomena and (2) allowing for a calibration of the numerical models with realistic events. In this contribution, the focus is made on an experimental set-up in Snecma facilities. It features a full-scale high-pressure compressor stage and aims at simulating contact induced interactions between one of the blades (slightly longer than the other ones) and the surrounding abradable coating that is deposited along the casing circumference. For this experimental set-up, it is found that the witnessed interaction involves a single blade — thus it should be analyzed as a sequence of rubbing events — and more specifically its first torsional mode, which is its second free-vibration mode. The focus is made both on the presentation of the experimental set-up and on the confrontation with the numerical results. Numerical results are analyzed by means of adaptative signal processing techniques and the consistency between numerical results and experimental observations is underlined both in time and frequency domains. In particular, the numerical strategy developed for Snecma is shown to predict very accurately the nature of the interaction as wear patterns obtained experimentally and numerically are a match. This numerical/experimental confrontation is the first attempt to calibrate a sophisticated numerical strategy with experimental data acquired within the high-pressure compressor of an aircraft engine for the simulation of rotor/stator interactions. Contrary to previous studies carried out within the low-pressure compressor of an aircraft engine, this interaction is found to be non-divergent: high amplitudes of vibration are experimentally observed and numerically predicted over a very short period of time. The ability of the numerical strategy to predict torsion induced interactions opens avenues for further analyses in turbine stages and with more sophisticated models including mistuned bladed disks and multi-stage components.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.