The present paper is the second part of a two-part paper focused on the design and the analysis of an optimized rotor blade for a geared open rotor engine. This part is focused on the experimental investigation of the three-dimensional unsteady flow field at the exit plane of a rotor row installed in a large scale single-stage low speed research turbine. The investigation is aimed at in depth characterizing the wake-boundary layer and the vortex-vortex interaction processes induced by the rotor-stator relative motion. Measurements have been carried out at a typical aeroengine cruise condition Reynolds number. The rotor blade aerodynamic loadings at different blade spans have been measured. A five-hole probe has been used to assess the row efficiency and detailed hot-wire phase-locked ensemble-averaged data have been analyzed to characterize the three-dimensional time-dependent flow field at the rotor exit plane. Results clearly highlight a significant distortion of the rotor blade wake and tip vortex during the migration of the high turbulence regions (wake and secondary flows) associated with the upstream stator. The unsteady interaction between the stator secondary flows and the rotor passage vortex provokes a time dependent movement of the low momentum area at the hub surface, sensibly modifying the penetration of the rotor secondary flows in an incoming stator wake passage period. The comparison of deterministic and random velocity fluctuations also allows the distinction between the structures generated by the stator and those due to the rotor.
Analysis of a LPT Rotor Blade for a Geared Engine: Part II — Characterization of the Time-Varying Flow Field in a Single Stage Research Turbine
Infantino, D, Satta, F, Simoni, D, Ubaldi, M, Zunino, P, & Bertini, F. "Analysis of a LPT Rotor Blade for a Geared Engine: Part II — Characterization of the Time-Varying Flow Field in a Single Stage Research Turbine." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2B: Turbomachinery. Seoul, South Korea. June 13–17, 2016. V02BT38A051. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2016-57725
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