A reliable determination of the unsteady aerodynamic loads acting on the blades is essential to predict the aeroelastic stability of vibrating compressor cascades with accuracy. At transonic flow conditions, the vibration of the shock may change the blade aeroelastic behavior. Numerical tools still have difficulties to capture the physics associated to this effect. In order to increase the prediction’s accuracy, high quality experimental data at high spatial resolution is therefore required to enable the calibration and validation of these tools.
Within the frame of the European project FUTURE, experimental aeroelastic investigations were performed on a transonic compressor cascade in the Non-Rotating Annular Test Facility at EPFL. Associated to the measurements, the numerical flutter prediction procedure was applied.
This paper focuses on the experimental results. The experimental database gained during the project is presented and aims at helping the aeroelastic community to develop and improve their flutter prediction capabilities.
The test model consists of twenty prismatic blades. Each blade of the cascade assembly was mounted on an elastic spring element enabling harmonic bending vibrations in the twenty possible cascade’s travelling wave modes. Large efforts were made to improve the measuring techniques and to provide high quality data at relatively high spatial resolution. For various sub- and transonic flow conditions, steady-state and unsteady blade surface pressure distributions were measured to evaluate the local contributions to the blade stability in terms of local aerodynamic work. The blade global aerodynamic stability is determined applying an integration of all unsteady pressure signals measured over the airfoil.