The effectiveness of film cooling from short cooling holes, scaled to engine conditions, has been shown to be dependent on the nature of the internal coolant feed. A common method of supplying coolant to film cooling holes in engine components is through an internal cross-flow, which causes skewed effectiveness profiles on the surface of film cooled parts. For round axial holes, this effect causes coolant jets to more effectively spread across the surface. Additionally, for compound angle round holes, the direction of the cross-flow relative to the direction of injection has a substantial effect on film cooling effectiveness. A cross-flow directed counter to the span-wise direction of coolant injection has previously been shown to cause greater lateral jet spreading than cross-flow directed in-line with the span-wise injection direction. To better understand the phenomena responsible for the improved coolant spreading, two-dimensional thermal field profiles were measured downstream of compound angle film cooling holes fed by an internal cross-flow. A smooth-walled rectangular channel was used to produce an internal cross-flow in both a counter and in-line flow direction. Thermal field cross-section data was collected at three stream-wise locations: 0.7, 3.4, and 8.8 diameters downstream of the holes. Blowing ratios of 0.75 and 1.00 were studied at a density ratio of 1.5. Experiments were performed in a low speed recirculating wind tunnel at high mainstream turbulence with a thick approach boundary layer relative to the film cooling holes. It was found that the improved lateral spreading observed in the coolant jets fed by a counter cross-flow occurred due to the formation of a bulge on the downstream side of the jet.

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