Sand transport and deposition is investigated in a two pass internal cooling ribbed geometry at near engine conditions. LES calculations are performed for bulk Reynolds number of 25,000 to calculate flow field and heat transfer. Constant wall temperature boundary condition is used to investigate the effect of temperature on particle deposition. Three different wall temperatures of 950 °C, 1000 °C and 1050 °C are considered. Particle sizes in range 0.5–25 microns are considered. A new deposition model which accounts for particle composition, temperature, impact velocity and angle and material properties of particle and surface is developed and applied. Calculated impingement and deposition patterns are discussed for different exposed surfaces in the two pass geometry. The highest particle impingement and deposition is observed in the bend region and first quarter of the second pass. Significant deposition is observed in the two pass geometry for all three wall temperatures considered. Particle impingement and hence deposition is dominated by larger particles except in the downstream half of the bend region. In total, approximately 38%, 59% and 67% of the injected particles deposit in the two passes, for the three wall temperatures of 950 °C, 1000 °C and 1050 °C, respectively. While particle impingement is highest for wall temperature of 950 °C, higher deposition is observed for 1000 °C and 1050 °C cases. Deposition increases significantly with wall temperature. For 1000 °C, roughly 12% of the impacting particles deposit. For 1050 °C, approximately 23% of the particles deposit on impact. For all the three cases, the second pass experiences higher deposition compared to the first pass due to higher turbulence and direct impingement.

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