The cooling system is required to ensure gas turbine can work at high temperature, which has exceeded the material limitation. An endwall cooling test rig was built up to conduct the endwall cooling research. A detailed work was done for analyzing characteristics of endwall heat transfer and discussing the multi-parameter influence mechanism of overall cooling effectiveness. The main flow side heat transfer coefficient, adiabatic film cooling effectiveness and overall cooling effectiveness were measured in the experiments. The effects of coolant mass flowrate ratio (MFR) were considered through the measurement. In order to analyze how each of the parameters works on overall cooling effectiveness, a one-dimensional correlation was developed. The results showed that obvious enhancement could be found in cooling effectiveness by increasing coolant MFR, and the film jet can be easily attached to the surface after the acceleration of the main flow in the nozzle channel. Comparing with film cooling effectiveness, overall cooling effectiveness distribution is more uniform, which is due to the influence of internal cooling. The verified one-dimensional analysis method showed that the improvement in film cooling would be most efficient to heighten overall cooling effectiveness. The improvement in film cooling would be more efficient when film cooling effectiveness is in high level than in low level. However, the enhancement of internal heat transfer is more efficient when internal heat transfer coefficient is low.

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