This paper discusses the methodology of impingement cooling optimization of a gas turbine 2nd stage vane with 3D conjugate heat transfer (CHT) CFD analysis applied. The vane is installed with a novel impingement cooling structure in the leading cavity and a pin-fin array in the trailing edge. This study involves the optimization of the impingement cooling structure, including the location of the jet holes and the diameter of each hole. The generation of 3D model and CHT mesh was realized using an in-house code developed specifically for turbine cooling optimization. A constant pressure drop was assumed within the cooling system during optimization. To make the optimization computationally faster, a metamodel which can predict the detailed distribution of metal temperature on the vane surface was used in the second-level search together with a genetic algorithm. An optimal nonuniform impingement cooling structure in the leading cavity was automatically designed by the optimization process costing only dozens of CFD runs, which provided a more uniform temperature distribution on the vane surface and required no more coolant amount compared with the initial impingement cooling structure.

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