The present paper evaluates the impact of casing energized jet flow on the performance of an annular-conical exhaust diffuser. Two different inflow profiles, namely a uniform total pressure and a hub-strong total pressure inlet profile were studied. For both profiles, the flow is observed to separate at the casing. Experiments were performed at different tip jet mass flow rates and two different tip gap heights to understand their effect on the diffuser performance. Apart from wall pressure readings, probe measurements have been done at various locations within the diffuser to study the flow behaviour in more detail.
The results show that at the diffuser inlet already small tip jet flows help to prevent casing separation and hence improve pressure recovery noticeably, especially in the front section of the diffuser. On the other hand, higher tip jet flows tend to weaken the core flow at the diffuser exit, thus generating an inhomogeneous outflow velocity profile.
To enhance the interpretation of the experimental data, results from Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations are used. Interestingly, the experimental results indicate that while the blowing ratio seems to be the major parameter for the improvement of pressure recovery for a hub-strong inlet profile, the pressure recovery for a uniform profile appears to be more sensitive to the tip jet mass flow rate. However, the numerical results do not show this trend.