Highly-loaded turboprop intake was investigated for two different shaft connection types to assess the configuration sensitivity on performance. Turboprop intakes inherently have S-shape to bend around the gearbox, which have significant effects on the flow. Previous geometric sensitivity analysis on uninstalled, isolated single scoop S-ducts with shaft penetration showed higher recovery and lower distortion trends for long intakes with shorter ducts. The major pressure loss was observed over the bore due to the penetrating shaft. It is expected that changing the configuration to wrap-around will overcome the loss introduced by flow around the bore. The two configurations were compared by varying the S-duct curvatures using computational methods. The results showed an increase in recovery with lower total pressure distortion levels for wrap-around configuration of the same sizes. The gain in the recovery by the configuration change was observed to be similar to the gain when the ducts were shortened. However, wrap-around S-duct suffered from higher swirl distortion than shaft penetration of the same size but these were observed to be lower than the shaft penetration type with short ducts. Distortion intensities showed opposite trends for the two configurations, with wrap-around producing low distortion in circumferential whereas high in radial direction. The results will be used as the basis for the turboprop intake design and its over-the-wing integration on the high-lift aircraft.
S-Duct Intake Configuration Sensitivity of a Highly Loaded Turboprop by CFD Methods
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Atalayer, Ç, Friedrichs, J, & Wulff, D. "S-Duct Intake Configuration Sensitivity of a Highly Loaded Turboprop by CFD Methods." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2B: Turbomachinery. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. June 15–19, 2015. V02BT40A005. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2015-42932
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