The effects of shroud asymmetry (known as a scalloped shroud) on loss generation and stage performance are assessed by numerical computations, steady as well as unsteady, in a turbine stage with tip shroud cavity. Introducing shroud asymmetry leads to cavity mixing at higher flow velocities with larger velocity difference, hence higher loss relative to a baseline axisymmetric shroud. Shroud asymmetry alters the system of toroidal vortices which characterizes tip shroud cavity flow. Specifically, the asymmetry downstream of the tip seal prevents the formation of two large, continuous toroidal vortex cores. Instead, several small, discrete cores are formed immediately downstream of the tip seal due to the onset of mixing with the main flow. Unsteady vane-rotor-shroud interaction results in a redistribution of vorticity in the cavity inlet. Compatibility requirement between main flow and cavity flow provides quantitative limits on the existence of the cavity inlet vortex as well as explains why the cavity inlet flow field looks the way it does and not otherwise.
Effects of Shroud Asymmetry on the Turbine Tip Shroud Cavity Flow Field
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Palmer, TR, Tan, CS, Montgomery, M, Malandra, A, Little, D, Zuniga, H, & Zhou, K. "Effects of Shroud Asymmetry on the Turbine Tip Shroud Cavity Flow Field." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2A: Turbomachinery. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. June 15–19, 2015. V02AT38A036. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2015-43721
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