This paper describes some experiences about impact of unsteadiness in turbine flows, with a special focus on the effects of potential interaction on aerodynamic performance. The main motivation consists in trying to identify some design areas in which some further margins of improvement could be found, provided the designer chooses the proper computational framework. The underlying idea is that the approximations associated with the steady-state picture of a turbine stage might prevent the designer from unlocking the full potential of the stage, especially when the design requirements imply a challenging aerodynamics. To this end, three common design topics are presented in which the step from the classical steady-state approach to the time-accurate one unveils relevant issues, which in turn have an impact on aerodynamic performance: stator/rotor interaction in transonic stages, the choice of the axial gap between stator and rotor, and the choice of the blade count ratio. In all reported cases, significant departures are found between steady and time-averaged results, and the basic fluid mechanisms responsible for them are examined. In particular, an attempt is made to emphasize limitations deriving from of the steady-state picture of the turbine flow field, in order to warn the designer about the possible traps of the steady-state assumption.

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