Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation (DDES) method, compared with the RANS method, can more accurately predict the complexity and unsteadiness naturally associated with the compressor flow. DDES method, which incorporates a simple modification into the initial detached eddy simulation (DES) introduces kinematic eddy viscosity into turbulence model to take both effects of grid spacing and eddy-viscosity field into considerations. An attempt is made in the present paper to apply DDES for investigating the flow field in a compressor cascade.
Three-dimension (3D) corner separation, which is also referred as corner separation, have been identified as an inherent flow feature of the corner formed by the blade suction surface and endwall of axial compressors. The flow visualization and the quantification of passage blockage expose that corner separation contribute most to the total passage blockage.
In order to accurately predict 3D corner separation by employing CFD and increase the performance in compressor routine design by controlling such phenomenon, this paper tries to figure out its mechanism and investigate the turbulence flow field by using DDES method. Numerical simulations are conducted under different incidences in a linear PVD compressor cascade. The results show passage vortex starting at mid-chord position in cascade develops into dominant secondary vortex and obviously enhances corner separation in the PVD cascade. DDES method, which can capture intensive vortex flow and predict complicated flow at the separation region, also illustrates the corner vortex breaks into small stripe vortices which mix with the mainstream flow at the blade trailing edge. The total pressure loss is high in the corner separation region.