As the advanced heavy-duty gas turbine develops, the turbine inlet temperature and pressure have increased quite significantly to achieve better performance. The flow and heat transfer conditions of hot components including combustor and turbine become even more extreme than ever which need corresponding aerodynamic and cooling design development. The issue of combustor-turbine interaction has been proposed as a complicated research topic. Currently the hot streak, turbulence intensity, swirling flow, radiation are the four important factors for combustor-turbine interaction research according to the literature. Especially as the turbine inlet temperature increases, the radiative heat transfer plays a more and more important role.
In this paper, a first stage vane is selected for the conjugate heat transfer simulation including radiative heat transfer since it is almost impossible to identify the radiative effect in experiment. The goal is to examine the effects of radiative heat flux and temperature increment caused by radiation. Several radiative factors including the inlet radiation, gas composition, vane surface emissivity and outlet reflection are investigated. The temperature distribution and heat flux enhancement under different conditions are compared, which can provide reference to the turbine heat transfer design. The general information of radiative effect can be summarized by quantitative analysis.
Results show that the temperature increases obviously when considering the radiation effect as expected. However, these factors show distinct influence on the vane temperature distribution. The inlet radiation has significant impact on the vane leading edge and pressure side. Besides the gas radiation plays quite uniform on the whole vane surface.