A key technology of gas turbine performance improvement was the increase in the turbine inlet temperature, which brought high thermal loads to the Nozzle Guide Vane (NGV) components. Strong pressure gradients in the NGVs and the complex secondary flow field had made thermal protection more challenging. As for the endwall surface near the pressure side gill region, the relatively higher local pressure and cross flow apparently decreased the film-cooling effectiveness. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate a new design, improving the film-cooling performance in a cooling blind area with upstream staggered slot, simulating the combustor-turbine leakage gap flow. The test cascades model was manufactured according to the GE-E3 nozzle guide vane scaled model, with a scale ratio of 2.2. The experiment was performed under the inlet Mach number 0.1 and the Reynolds number 3.5×105 based on an axial chord length of 78 mm. The staggered slots were positioned upstream of the cascades to simulate the combustor-turbine gap leakage. The Pressure Sensitive Painting (PSP) technique was used to detect the film cooling effectiveness distribution on the endwall surface.
Through the investigation, the following results could be achieved: 1) the film-cooling effectiveness on the endwall surface downstream the slot and along the pitchwise direction increased, with the highest parameter at Z/Pitch = 0.6; 2) a larger cooled region developed towards the suction side as the blowing ratio increased; 3) the advantage of the staggered slot was apparent on the endwall surface near the inlet area, while the coolant film was obviously weakened along the axial chord at a low blowing ratio. The influence of the staggered slots could only be detected in the downstream area of the endwall surface at the higher blowing ratio.