In modern gas turbine, using superheated steam to cool the vane and the liner of combustion chamber is a promising alternative to traditional compressor air. Infrared camera was applied to measure the spatial distribution of the impingement heat transfer coefficient on a flat plate cooled by superheated steam and air in this paper. The experimental study revealed the distribution of local heat transfer coefficients over a flat plate cooled by steam and air in an array of 3×5 impinging jets module. Results showed that the impingement cooling heat transfer is enhanced by the increase of mass flow rate, and the superheated steam cooling could improve area averaged heat transfer performance 35.3∼83.0% more than air cooling in the same mass flow rate conditions in the experiment. The influence of the jet-to-plate spacing ratio (Zn/d) and the jet-to-jet spacing ratio (Yn/d) on heat transfer were also investigated. It was concluded that the heat transfer is enhanced with the increase of Yn/d or the decrease of Zn/d based on the same area. Furthermore, three-dimensional and steady state computations had been carried out for experimental operating conditions. The Numerical results and experimental data have good agreements with each other for both the area averaged Nu and the local Nu, so results of the numerical model are expecting reliable. Results based Numerical models showed detailed characteristics of the distribution of the velocity and turbulence level, which revealed underlying mechanisms of pressure loss and flow structure for steam cooing and air cooling respectively.

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