On-line compressor wash for six GE LM2500PE engines at a Statoil North Sea offshore field is analyzed. Three engines are generator drivers whilst three engines are compressor drivers. Two of the compressor drive engines are running at peak load (T5.4 control), hence production rate is limited by the available power from these engines. All the six engines analyzed run continuously without redundancy, hence gas turbine uptime is critical for the field’s production and economy. The performance and operational experience with online wash at different water-to-air ratios and engine loads, as well as economy potentials related to successful on-line washing are given.
This work is based on long-term operation with on-line washing, where operational data is collected and performance analyzed, over a 4–5 year period. All engines are operated with four month intervals between maintenance stops, where off-line crank-wash is performed as well as other necessary maintenance and repairs. On-line wash is performed daily between the maintenance stops at full load (i.e. normal operating load for the subject engine). To keep the engine as clean as possible and reduce degradation between maintenance stops, both an effective on-line water wash system as well as effective air intake filter system, are critical factors. The overall target is to maintain high engine performance, and extend the interval between maintenance stops through effective on-line washing.
It is of vital importance to understand the gas turbine performance deterioration. The trending of its deviation from the engine baseline facilitates load-independent monitoring of the gas turbine’s condition. Engine response to water injection at different loads and water-to-air ratios, as well as engine response to compressor deterioration is documented and analyzed.
Instrument resolution and repeatability are key factors required in order to obtain reliable performance analysis results. Offshore instrumentation on older installations is often limited to the necessary instruments for machine control/protection, and additional instruments for effective performance monitoring and analysis are often missing or, if installed, have less accuracy. As a result of these analyses, a set of monitoring parameters is proposed for effective diagnosis of compressor degradation. Avenues for further research and development are proposed in order to further increase the understanding of the deterioration mechanisms and of the gas turbine performance and response.