In propulsion industry there is an ongoing need to significantly reduce SFC of jet engines resulting in cost reduction and lower emissions. Since the design of most of the engine components is at the limit of today’s technology level further gain of improvement on short term is to be achieved by implementation of new system concepts. Especially the stall safety margin in compression system design holds high potential for the optimization of the overall engine system. Once a reliable and effective stall control system becomes available an extension of present operating range is likely to be achieved by moving the steady operating line towards the stability limit and to intervene only in critical situations. At the Institute of Jet Propulsion at the University of the Federal Armed Forces in Munich, Germany a Larzac 04 twin-spool turbofan engine has already been equipped and tested with an adequate active stabilization system of the low pressure compressor for research purposes.

Those investigations revealed a strong dependency of the achievable stabilization effect and the amount and momentum of the injected air mass flow. For flying applications this mass flow has to be delivered by carried on means. Therefore it always penalizes the propulsion efficiency. In the given configuration, redirected air from the last stage of the high pressure compressor is used for injection. Usage of this bleed air directly influences the propulsion efficiency of the engine. In order to optimize the mass flow needed for stabilization, the existing injection system was redesigned to utilize ejector pumps. With this configuration a comparable stabilizing effect could be realized with less redirected air mass flow. In fact the open ejector pump configuration showed an even higher performance at maximum injection rate than the closed injection before. Therefore further investigations with this system focused on the effect of additional flow ports to the engine intake as they are necessary for an ejector pump and their basic influence on the operation stability of the low pressure compressor (LPC). In combination with the already existing stall detection algorithm of the institute a very promising system for increasing the available operating range in turbo compressors could be achieved.

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