Understanding the condensation process at the low-pressure (LP) turbine is important because condensation introduces extra losses, and erosion caused by the droplets wear turbine blades. The paper presents an investigation of the turbulence modelling on the non-equilibrium homogeneous condensing steam flow in a stationary turbine cascade employing 2D compressible Navier-Stokes (NS) equations. The classical nucleation theory is utilized to model the condensation phenomena. The performance of various turbulence models (i.e., the Spalart-Allmaras, the k-ω, the k-ε, the RNG k-ε, the Realizable k-ε, and the SST k-ω) in condensing steam flows is discussed. The SST k-ω model is modified and implemented into a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. Substantial improvements in the prediction accuracy are observed when compared with the original SST k-ω model. Overall, the modified model is in excellent agreement with the measurements in all studied test cases of the turbine cascade. The qualitative and quantitative analysis illustrates the importance of turbulence modeling in wet-steam flows.

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