Recent trends in design for civil intakes lead towards shorter diffuser sections, unorthodox installations and more loaded lips. All these features increase the risk of lip stall in flight at incidence or in cross wind and increase the level of forcing seen by the fan blades because of the interaction with non-uniform flow from the intake.
In this study we analyze the behavior of prediction tools for intake distortion. In particular we compare the performance of popular turbulence models for standard intake flows and we discuss their behavior on the grounds of their behavior for elementary flows.
We conclude our study by comparing forcing and distortion figures of merit from different models.