The unsteady aerodynamics of low pressure turbine vibrating airfoils in flap mode is studied in detail using a frequency domain linearized Navier-Stokes solver. Both the travelling-wave and influence coefficient formulations of the problem are used to highlight key aspects of the physics and understand different trends such as the effect of reduced frequency and Mach number. The study is focused in the low-reduced frequency regime which is of paramount relevance for the design of aeronautical low-pressure turbines and compressors. It is concluded that the effect of the Mach number on the unsteady pressure phase can be neglected in first approximation and that the unsteadiness of the vibrating and adjacent airfoils is driven by vortex shedding mechanisms. Finally a simple model to estimate the work-per-cycle as a function of the reduced frequency and Mach Number is provided. The edge-wise and torsion modes are presented in less detail but it is shown that acoustic waves are essential to explain its behaviour. The non-dimensional work-per-cycle of the edge-wise mode shows a large dependence with the Mach number while in the torsion mode a large number of airfoils is needed to reconstruct the work-per-cycle departing from the influence coefficients.

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