Recent experimental work characterized the performance of a unique cross-flow heat exchanger design for application of cooling compressor bleed air using liquid jet fuel before it is consumed in the gas turbine combustor. The proposed design has micro-channels for liquid fuel and cools air flowing in passages created using rows of intermittent fins. The design appears well suited for aircraft applications because it is compact and light-weight. A theoretical model is reported to be in good agreement with experimental measurements using air and water, thus providing a design tool to evaluate variations in the heat exchanger dimensions. This paper presents an evaluation of the heat exchanger performance with consideration of uncertainties in both model parameters and predicted results. The evaluation of the design is proposed to be reproduced by students in a thermal-fluids design class. The heat exchanger performance is reevaluated using the effectiveness–NTU approach and shown to be consistent with the method reported in the original papers. Results show that the effectiveness is low and in the range of 20 to 30% as well as the NTU which ranges from 0.25 to 0.50 when the heat capacity ratio is near unity. The thermal resistance is dominated by the hot gas convective resistance. The uncertainties attributed to fluid properties, physical dimensions, gas pressure, and cold fluid flow rate are less significant when compared to uncertainties associated with hot fluid flow rate, hot fluid inlet temperature, cold fluid inlet temperature, and convective correlation for gas over a finned surface. The model shows which heat transfer mechanisms are most important in the performance of the heat exchanger.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.