In this paper, detailed experimental results of total pressure loss and secondary flow field are presented for a high turning (127°) airfoil passage in presence of an upstream purge slot (with and without coolant injection). The experiments were performed at Virginia Tech’s quasi 2D linear turbine cascade operating at transonic conditions. Measurements were made at design exit Mach number 0.88 and design incidence angle. The selected coolant to mainstream mass flow ratio (MFR) was set at 1.0%. In order to match engine representative inlet/exit blade loading, a diverging endwall was utilized where the span increased from the inlet to the exit at a 13 degree angle. A 5-hole probe traverse was used to measure exit total pressure. Pressure loss coefficients were calculated both along pitchwise and spanwise directions at 0.1 axial chord downstream of the blade trailing edge. CFD studies were conducted to compliment the experimental results. The backward facing step present with the upstream slot affects the approaching boundary layer and influences the passage horse-shoe vortex strength. The addition of coolant from the purge slot further increased the aerodynamic losses. However, the backward facing step of the upstream slot seems to be the predominant factor in affecting pressure losses when compared to with or without blowing cases. These results provide further understanding of the passage secondary flow characteristics and aid towards improved design of endwall passages. The heat transfer experiments, designed to find the heat transfer coefficient and the film cooling effectiveness are described in detail in part II of this paper [1].

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