Turbine blades are directly exposed to hot oncoming combustion gases, so their leading edges require effective cooling techniques. Here, we investigated the heat transfer characteristics in a concave duct with an array of impingement jets, including the effect of rotation. The concave duct was used to simulate the inner surface of the leading edge of a blade. The inner surface was cooled by the impingement array jet method. The jet Reynolds number (Re) based on the jet nozzle diameter was fixed at 3,000, and the ratio of the height to target surface (H/d) was set to 2.0. The injection holes (d = 5 mm) were positioned in a staggered pattern, and the rotation number was about 0.032. We focused on the effects of rotating position orientations. We investigated front, leading, and trailing orientations. Naphthalene sublimation method was used to determine the local heat/mass transfer distributions, and the flow pattern was obtained by numerical simulation. Crossflow in the jet arrays was generated by the spent air from the impingement jet. The crossflow changes the flow characteristics at the stagnation point along the streamwise direction on a concave surface. Rotation of the duct increased the flow mixing compared with the stationary case. The jet flow was deflected because of the Coriolis force in the leading and trailing orientations. However, in the front orientation, the heat transfer characteristics showed deflection in the clockwise direction in the developing flow away from the stagnation point. Overall, the averaged heat transfer values were enhanced in the rotating cases. The trailing orientation case showed the highest averaged heat transfer among all tested cases.
Effect of Rotation on Heat Transfer of a Concave Surface With Array Impingement Jet
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Jung, EY, Park, CU, Lee, DH, Park, JS, Park, S, & Cho, HH. "Effect of Rotation on Heat Transfer of a Concave Surface With Array Impingement Jet." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 3A: Heat Transfer. San Antonio, Texas, USA. June 3–7, 2013. V03AT12A042. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2013-95443
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