A numerical investigation of the heat transfer characteristics within an array of impingement jets on a flat and square pin-fin roughened plate with spent air in one direction has been conducted. Four types of optimized pin-fin configurations and the flat plate have been investigated in the Reynolds number range of 15000–35000. All the computation results have been validated well with the data of published literature. The effects of variation of jet Reynolds number and different configurations on the distribution of the average and local Nusselt number and the related pressure loss have been obtained. The highest total heat transfer rate increased up to 162% with barely any extra pressure loss compared with that of the flat plate. Pressure distributions and streamlines have also been captured to explain the heat transfer characteristic.

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