This work deals with the prediction of noise generated by gas turbines, which includes engines being designed. One has in mind the fulfillment of the ever-increasing concerns with environment, in particular noise. Analytical and empirical methods have been focused by researchers and industry, although only empirical prediction methods are utilized in this work, for the calculation of the one-third octave band sound pressure levels associated to the main engine noise sources. The methodology for the calculation of the engine noise has been combined with performance and design computational programs to evaluate the noise emitted by each engine component and, by proper combination, the engine total noise. A newly designed and manufactured 5 kN/1.2 MW turbojet engine serves as the basis for the noise prediction. For the study, the main noise sources are: compressor, combustor, turbine and propelling nozzle. In terms of the overall sound pressure level, OASPL, are compatible with the noise produced by similar engines. The noise predictions are performed at engine design speeds in the range of 100% down to 70% of the design speed (28,150 rpm). The engine has not run yet, but it is expected that measured noise will be available in the near future. However, it is important to emphasize that all prediction models used to evaluate the radiated noise from the engine were validated. The engine operating conditions were calculated using a high fidelity engine simulator developed to provide the data used in this study. The methods to estimate the one-third octave band sound pressure levels are reported in NASA TM-195480, SAE ARP-876D, NASA-ANOPP and ESDU Item 98019. No atmospheric attenuation and ground reflection were considered in this work.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Turbojet Engine Noise Prediction Utilizing Empirical Methods
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Barbosa, JR, & Dezan, DJ. "Turbojet Engine Noise Prediction Utilizing Empirical Methods." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2: Aircraft Engine; Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations. San Antonio, Texas, USA. June 3–7, 2013. V002T07A024. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2013-95274
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