When predicting combustion instabilities in gas turbine combustion chambers, the complex geometry and three dimensional flow configurations are often neglected. However, these may have significant influence on the overall acoustic damping behavior of the system. An important element governing the flow inside a combustion chamber is the swirl atomizer nozzle. Therein, the flow is accelerated and a swirling fluid motion is imposed. At its exit considerable high flow velocities are reached and multiple shear layers are formed which discharge into the combustion chamber. To predict damping effects in these environments, acoustic-flow interaction processes need to be taken into account. These involve scattering and refraction of incident acoustic waves in shear layers, acoustic interaction with the unstable hydrodynamic shear layers as well as acoustic wall interaction processes. Their combined effect can be studied using acoustic scattering matrices. In this paper the acoustic scattering behavior of a lean injection system developed by Avio is predicted under non-reactive conditions and compared to experiments. The numerical method is very general and works as follows: First, the fluid dynamic field is computed using a Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes turbulence model. Then, the linearized Navier-Stokes equations are solved in frequency space around the previously computed mean flow state. The complex three dimensionality of the nozzle configuration is taken into account as well as its corresponding flow field. Results are compared against experimental measurements of a swirl atomizer nozzle at atmospheric and elevated inlet temperatures. It is shown that the scattering behavior and therefore the acoustic-flow interactions are captured accurately.

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