A low speed axial compressor with casing treatment of axial slots was numerically investigated. Time-accurate numerical calculations were performed to simulate unsteady flow in the rotor tip region and the effects of casing treatment on the flow. Since the compressor rotor had a large tip clearance, it was found that the tip leakage flow had an inherent unsteady feature that was not associated with rotor rotation. The unsteadiness of the tip leakage flow was induced by changes in the blade loading due to the pressure distribution formed by the tip leakage flow. This characteristic is called rotating instability or self-induced unsteadiness. The frequency of the flow oscillation was found to decrease as the flow rate was reduced. On the other hand, as expected, the operating range was improved by casing treatment, as shown by calculations in good agreement with the experimentally measured data. The unsteadiness of the tip leakage flow was alleviated by the casing treatment. The interaction between the flow in the tip region and the re-circulated flow through the axial slots was observed in detail. The removal and injection of flow through the axial slots were responsible not only for the extension of the operating range but also for the alleviation of the unsteadiness. Analyses of instantaneous flow fields explained the mechanism of the interaction between the casing treatment and the unsteady oscillation of the tip leakage flow. Furthermore, the effects of changes in the amount of re-circulation and the location of the removal and injection flow on the unsteadiness of the tip leakage flow were examined.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.