Turbulence measurements are made in a novel gas turbine rig facility recently used to study combustor-turbine interactions in jet engines [1]. The rig is capable of numerous area traverses surrounding engine turbine nozzle guide vanes (NGVs). The rig is unique in that complete engine hardware of the annular combustion subsystem is used to simulate the upstream flow entering the turbine. The rig operates at cold, near-atmospheric conditions. The turbulence measurements include both the turbulence intensities and lengthscales and span an area over a single combustor sector. Axial measurement planes include locations both upstream and downstream of the real engine hardware NGVs. The upstream plane corresponds to a conventional combustor-turbine interface plane. In [1], pressure, velocity, and passive scalar mixing measurements were presented along with RANS CFD predictions. Here, in addition to the newly measured turbulence quantities, large-eddy simulations (LES) are performed for the complete, coupled combustor-turbine system.

Good agreement between rig data and CFD is seen at the combustor-turbine interface, with LES yielding improved predictions over RANS. For the flow through the NGV passages, vortex visualizations of the simulated flowfields show significant differences to the classic, commonly accepted picture of Langston [2] and others [3]. The difference is attributed to the high turbulence levels created by the combustor. The impact of the limitations of the combustor-turbine rig on these findings is discussed.

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