Hybrid journal bearings are considered since many years as a possible replacement for ball bearings in turbo-pumps used by the aerospace industry. Due to flow regimes dominated by inertia and due to the nature of the lubricant (cryogenic fluids), the prediction of the linearized dynamic coefficients in these bearings must be based on the compressible bulk-flow equations. Theoretical models based on these equations were validated for hybrid bearings working with water or for liquid or gas annular seals. Validations for hybrid compressible bearings are missing. Experimental data obtained for an air lubricated hybrid aerostatic bearing designed with shallow pockets were recently presented; the data consist of linearized dynamic coefficients obtained for rotation speeds up to 50 krpm and up to 7 bar feeding pressure. The present work introduces a consolidated numerical approach for predicting static and linearized dynamic characteristics. Theoretical predictions are based on bulk flow equations in conjunction with CFD analysis. It was found that for a given feeding pressure, the value of the pressure downstream the orifice has a major influence on all results. Special care was then taken for describing the complex flow in the feeding system and the orifice. Three dimensional CFD was employed because the bulk-flow equations are inappropriate in this part of the bearing. The pressure downstream the orifice stemming from CFD results and the feeding pressure were next imposed in the bulk flow model and the equivalent area of the orifice was obtained from the numerical solution of the steady flow in the bearing. Since the pockets of the hybrid bearing are shallow, this equivalent area is considered as being the harmonic average of the orifice cross section area and of the cylindrical curtain area located between the orifice and the rotor. The comparisons between theoretical dynamic coefficients and experimental data validated this approach of the equivalent area of the orifice.
Comparison Between Numerical and Experimental Dynamic Coefficients of a Hybrid Aerostatic Bearing
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Hassini, MA, Arghir, M, & Frocot, M. "Comparison Between Numerical and Experimental Dynamic Coefficients of a Hybrid Aerostatic Bearing." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 7: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B. Copenhagen, Denmark. June 11–15, 2012. pp. 921-931. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2012-69090
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