Low cycle fatigue tests at high temperature were conducted on test specimens with small holes made of a Ni-based directionally solidified superalloy, which are intended as the cooling structures formed in the components in the fossil fuel power plant. The tests included those cases with and without a strain holding process, i.e., fatigue creep interaction (FCI) tests and low cycle fatigue (LCF) tests, respectively. The number of LCF crack initiation cycles of the one- and seven-hole specimens decreased compared to that of the smooth one. The number of FCI crack initiation cycles of a compressive hold case for the seven-hole specimen decreased compared to that of the LCF test, while that of a tensile hold case decreased further. The test results were evaluated based on the inelastic behavior around the center hole of the specimens, where the most serious inelastic strain occurred, using finite element analysis that takes into account the inelastic anisotropy of material properties. The number of crack initiation cycles of the LCF and the compressive FCI tests correlated with the maximum tensile stress around the hole, while that of all the tests correlated with the frequency-modified strain energy. We propose a method for evaluating cyclic inelastic behavior around a hole using cyclic Neuber’s rule for anisotropic materials to simply evaluate the failure life of actual components.

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