Most of the experimental mistuning studies are performed using a blisk with random mistuning only. Intentional mistuning is often investigated analytically with respect to aeroelasticity, as it is well known that intentional mistuning reduces the flutter risk due to less interaction between the blades.
In this paper, an intentionally mistuned test blisk is investigated both analytically and experimentally with respect to free and forced vibrations. First, free vibrations are studied and aliasing effects for the intentionally mistuned blisk are analyzed in comparison with a tuned blisk. A comparison between the experimentally determined dominant nodal diameters and the computed ones shows good agreement.
Then, the blisk is experimentally excited by a travelling wave for various engine orders. Similar investigations are performed with a FEM model of the blisk and a reduced-order code. The amplification factor for some modes and several blisks is compared. The influence of the disc onto the blade mode shapes is studied for the tuned and mistuned case without and with aerodynamic coupling effects.
Cyclic spacing of vanes is a concept to reduce the vibration level of downstream rotor blades by distributing the excitation onto more engine orders while reducing the overall excitation level. In this paper it is shown for blisks with and without intentional mistuning that care should be taken in applying this concept in the vicinity of veering regions, because the amplification factor in a veering region may become much higher than compared to other nodal diameters.