Wind turbines are often designed using some form of Blade Element Model (BEM). However, different models can produce significantly different results when optimizing the angle of twist for power production. This paper compares the theoretical result of optimizing the angle of twist using Blade Element Theory (BET) and Blade Element Momentum Theory (BEMT) with a tip-loss correction for a 3-bladed, 1.15-m diameter wind turbine with a design tip speed ratio (TSR) of 5. These two theories have been chosen because they are readily available to small-scale designers. Additionally, the turbine was scaled for experimental testing in the Baylor Subsonic Wind Tunnel. Angle of twist distributions differed by as much as 15 degrees near the hub, and the coefficient of power differed as much as 0.08 for the wind speeds tested.

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