In order to reduce CO2 emissions, reduce capital costs and increase the percentage of renewable energy in the electricity grid, common drivers of fossil power plant evolution continue to be efficiency, increased electricity output and operating flexibility.

For CCPP, the efficiency level has reached more than 60%. Besides new and updated gas turbine frames, an improved bottoming cycle also contributes to this achievement. Without increasing steam temperatures above 565°C, improving steam turbine inner efficiency and enhancing the cold end, the overall efficiency of >60% would not be feasible.

Extensive thermodynamic optimization is required to determine steam temperatures and condenser pressures. In addition, from a design standpoint, an optimum product strategy has to be developed. In order to minimize risks with future designs, both the practical and theoretical experiences from both ultra super critical applications at coal-fired steam power plants as well as from the CCPP steam turbine fleet have to be incorporated. For advanced technologies and components appropriate validation programs have to be defined.

This paper presents the approach being taking to develop steam turbines for CCPP with modern gas turbines and it also displays the operating results of the first unit.

Operational validation included the thermal behaviour of the high and intermediate pressure parts, a new last stage blade for the low pressure turbine and a patented start-up procedure. In particular, the paper focuses on the validation of three dimensional CFD calculations of the high and intermediate pressure turbine.

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