Magnetic resonance imaging experiments have provided the three-dimensional mean concentration and three component mean velocity field for a typical trailing edge film-cooling cutback geometry built into a conventional uncambered airfoil. This geometry is typical of modern aircraft engines and includes three dimensional slot jets separated by tapered lands. Previous analysis of these data identified the critical mean flow structures that contribute to rapid mixing and low effectiveness in the fully turbulent flow. Three new trailing edge geometries were designed to modify the large scale mean flow structures responsible for surface effectiveness degradation. One modification called the Dolphin Nose attempted to weaken strong vortex flows by reducing three dimensionality near the slot breakout. This design changed the flow structure but resulted in minimal improvement in the surface effectiveness. Two other designs called the Shield and Rounded Shield changed the land planform and added an overhanging land edge while maintaining the same breakout surface. These designs substantially modified the vortex structure and improved the surface effectiveness by as much as 30%. Improvements included superior coolant uniformity on the breakout surface which reduces potential thermal stresses. The utilization of the time averaged data from combined magnetic resonance velocimetry (MRV) and concentration (MRC) experiments for designing improved trailing edge breakout film cooling is demonstrated.
Experimental-Based Redesigns for Trailing Edge Film Cooling of Gas Turbine Blades
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Benson, M, Yapa, S, Elkins, C, & Eaton, JK. "Experimental-Based Redesigns for Trailing Edge Film Cooling of Gas Turbine Blades." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B. Copenhagen, Denmark. June 11–15, 2012. pp. 1175-1184. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2012-68067
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