An overview is given on the research maintained by the author about design aspects of three-dimensional blade passage flow in low-speed axial flow industrial fan rotors, affected by spanwise changing design blade circulation due to controlled vortex design (CVD), blade forward sweep (FSW), and their combination.

It was pointed out that, comparing the CVD method to free vortex design, the fluid in the blade suction side boundary layer has increased inclination to migrate radially outward, increasing near-tip blockage and loss. It was concluded that the benefit of FSW, in terms of moderating loss near the tip, can be better utilized for rotors of CVD, in comparison to free vortex design.

Compared to free vortex design, FSW applied to blades of CVD was found especially beneficial in loss reduction also away from the endwalls, via shortening the flow paths on the suction side — being anyway elongated by the radially outward flow due to CVD —, and thus, reducing the effect of wall skin friction. The necessity of correcting the swept blades was pointed out for matching with the prescribed CVD circulation distribution.

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